Academic writing is a formal writing. The main aim of academic writing is to inform and not entertain like creative writing. Both academic writer and academic readers have no time to be entertained but they rush for useful information they are looking for. Academic writing is often described as complex and abstract. Writing is a process and not a one shot act. Writing has different stages from the start to the finish. The process is following. At first, students should understand the meaning of all the key words in an essay question, especially the task words.
As task words could direct students how to go about answering a question, understanding the meaning and know exactly what the required about the academic essay. Then,according to students personal expertise ,writing down anything about the topic . University study requires a lot of reading within a limited time, so it is important to be select. Students need to make decisions about what is essential. what is more,There will be times when students need to read an entire article or chapter in detail.
At other times students may be looking for specific information relating to an assignment topic and only a couple of pages or even a couple of paragraphs in a text will be useful. Once students locate the parts of a text that are going to be most relevant they may not need to read the rest. And equally important is good note making . It can help students keep a record of they reading and help them locate information. After that ,it is the time to write an essay plan .
By many educators prewriting is now considered the most crucial of the stages in the writing process, although it was previously the most neglected. Next, students maybe move on writing. During the first drafting stage, students’ first goal in drafting is to develop a preliminary thesis, makes a difference to readers, and addresses a specific issue. Besides Some of the specific techniques one can employ in prewriting are brainstorming, looking at ones writing territory, mapping out the ideas, asking questions, seeking peer feedbacks and talking to the tutor.
During the second drafting stage, students extract experience and draw a lesson from the discussion and enjoy the pleasure of polishing later. Of course students need do the same thing as what they have finished first draft. In the final stage of drafting, students need to get out of they paper and look at it from the perspective of a critical reader. Try to be objective. They need to drop the role of author and turn themselves into an editor. Finally,looking for mistakes involving general punctuation.
Check for run-on sentences, commas and periods inside quotation marks, as well as sparely used dashes, colons, and semi-colons. Then,the essay must be handed in on time. All in all, students success with academic writing depends on understand what are they doing as they write and approach the writing task. Knowing what students need to do won’t guarantee you an “A” on they paper, that will take a lot of thinking, hard work, and practice, but having the right orientation toward them academic writing is a first and important step in their eventual success.