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Today’s children face more diversity than their parents were when they were at the same age. The cultural differences in how the parents deal and communicate with their children around the world are a great challenge. Parent’s involvement in their children’s literacy and communication either in school, home or community will be effective through communication strategies and awareness about cultural differences (Alvarez, 2000). The support of parents is one of the critical components of their children’s communication development.

The effort, support and parent’s expectation for their children’s way of communication can be of great help to understand the complicated and diverse cultural differences. The socio-cultural differences vary from language, ethnicity, poverty level, sex and education that could affect the children. Cultural differences are a great challenge to prove that parents can communicate with their children and improve their behavior in dealing with other people. There are variety of reasons why parents resist and exclude themselves in children’s literacy, school activities and communication process.


The number of cultural differences increases with the number of children in school, and children with full support from their parents can achieve more especially if the school setting resembles their home language. Every parent must have face-to-face interaction with their children. This is a way to establish a trusting relationship with them. Discussion Since people from different culture and race exist, parents must inform and orient their children about individual beliefs and different way of living and why does it happen.

By acknowledging the differences in culture is a way to clear children’s obscured judgment of other cultures and encourage an unbiased opinion (Alvarez, 2000). As responsible adults, parents have the responsibility to open their children’s thought without prejudice about cultural mix. The couple themselves may be from different cultural backgrounds but if they do not allow this difference to get in the way of their relationship, this can allow their children to experience the mixture of different cultures (Hoover-Dempsey, 2002).

It is the responsibility of parents to educate their children on matters of religion and spirituality. Nowadays, there are children who are smarter than their parents. These children can throw various questions that expect intelligent answers from adults. In teaching children about cultural differences, respect and tolerance about one’s practice and belief is important. Most of the children will emulate their adult figure and will act the same way as their parents. Parent’s effort in learning cultural differences will help their children to gain diverse awareness.

Parents must have the initiative to get to know their neighbor, encourage their children to befriend other children in their school and community, and invite some friends to join dinner at home. Despite the difference in physical attributes (i. e. , hair, skin color, height, and beliefs of individuals, children must be trained to respect everyone and perceive them as a person. Understanding one’s culture does not mean acceptance but matter of respect regardless of their similarities and differences.

Parent’s responsive behavior and desire to educate their children about other people’s beliefs, practices and values could promote secure attachment. There are different factors which influence individual beliefs, values and practices like parent’s intuition, the accustomed parenting practices, previous attachment practices to their parents, parental norms and accepted culture in their family, religious belief and the generation changes (Madriz, 2000). There are no consistent patterns of parental communication within each cultural group.

There are predominant beliefs and practices brought by parental instinct which do not involve assistance and learning from professionals or literature but could provide security and protection during the course of child development. This type of parenting is not always reliable and can be derived from different sources. Many parents learned their communication through formal and informal means depending on their country of origin. One good example of cultural differences that takes place is when children feel lost when he enters the school premises for the first time.

These children have little confidence on how to communicate with other children. However, they gradually follow consciously or unconsciously the cultural trends in school until they become accustomed to the culture. The presence of parental support like sharing their past school experiences to their children is one powerful way of informal learning. It is not necessary that parents must have an answer for every child’s inquiry but it is important to let them have awareness for everything.

Parents can be of great help to their children by providing them support and making them feel comfortable to stay in school despite having no relatives, cousins, playmates and other house members that could attend to their immediate needs (Allexsaht-Snider, 2000). Parents need to talk to their children about the enjoyment brought by coming to school as they meet different people from different culture. The care and love provided by every parent to their children will equip them with confidence.

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