The MG08 had to be put on a sledge which is brought to places through carts or if not, the operators would have to carry the machine guns on their shoulders with a stretcher between locations. On August 14, 1914, when the war broke out, the German army produced approximately 12, 000 MG08. In 1915, a revised and improved version of the MG08 came out, it was named as “MG08/15. ” The MG08/15 introduced the use of bipod instead of a tripod. It weighed 18 kilograms which was relatively lighter than its previous version. But it remained as a bulky weapon for a war (Pope, 1995).
Also in the same year, another version of the machine gun came out. Dubbed as lMG08 (lower case L), it was a “lightened air-cool version. ” In this version, bipod, grip, and stock were no longer used. A hole was also put on the water jacket to help to air flow freely in the machine gun to avoid over-heat. Unfortunately, the hole made the water jacket had a gap in it making the machine gun to fall apart during combat (Duffy, 2004). Pistols During World War I, there were three popular types of pistols that were used: “blow-back” model, revolver, and the clip-loaded automatics.
They were primarily given to officers of every troops involved in the war. Some of the models which came out during the war were: German Luger, Pistole Revolveur Modele,Colt 0. 45-inch Automatic, among others. The German Luger were produced during wartime intended for the use of officers but were distributed to come soldiers who had a string of tasks to do. The German Luger had a seven-round magazine which could be loaded through the pistol’s butt (Biddle, 2006). On the other hand, the Pistole Revolveur Modele was manufactured and design by the French army in 1892.
It was popularly known then as “Lebel” which can fire six 8mm rounds. Meanwhile, the Colt 0. 45-inch Automatic was first used by the United States army in 1911. There were about 150, 000 Colt 0. 45-inch Automatic pistols that were manufactured during the war (Pope, 1995) In August 1914, the French army first used poison gas against the Germans. However, it was the Germans who gave utmost study pertaining to poison gas. On January 1915, the German army used a tear gas on the Eastern front. While April 22, 1915, marked the use of the poison gas during the Second Battle of Ypres against the French and Algerian troops (Biddle, 2006).
The German’s used of poison gas received a widespread condemnation even from neutral powers like the United States. Right after the Allies had recovered over the poison gas attack, their revenge started as they used poison gas warfare, initiated by the British troops. Rifles Despite the drastic warfare inventions that were done during World War I, rifles remain every infantry’s greatest asset. Given the high demand of rifles during the war, the need to come up with much kinds and types came up. During the 19th century, extensive studies and researches were conducted pertaining to rifles.
It was actually the design of the magazine that would determine how rifles would work. Rifles became the “constant buddy” of the snipers during the war’s time. The rifles were mostly used by the offices rather than mere soldiers. The use of rifles was preferred over machine guns, grenades and other weapons because those were not easy to carry. Most of the weapons they used before were cumbersome. Rifle became the weapon of the snipers during the war. Sniping is a practice of the military during the war which contributed much to the trench warfare.
Snipers are usually tasked on targeting the moving objects near the enemies (The Infantry, 2006). Among the Rifle models that were used during the First World War were: German Mauser, British Lee-Enfield, French Lebel, among others. The German Mauser was a standard weapon among the German soldiers. It was designed by Peter Paul Mauser in 1898 and was somewhat superior to today’s design of rifles. It had a feature of “saved loading time” due to its incorporated clip and magazine to a sole mechanism (Pope, 1995).